20 Best Back Exercises & Back Workouts For Building Muscle

Why did we put together an extensive article on back exercises and back workouts? We’ll put it this way, there’s a reason we don’t shoot Men’s Health cover stars from behind. It’s because we know that given the choice men want to see abs and arms, chest and boulder shoulders, not back muscles. But when it comes to working out, you should be paying the same attention to back exercises as you do any other muscle group.

There are loads benefits to training your rear, from injury prevention, to helping you pull more weight in all lifts, to developing the coveted V-shape. In fact, a study published in the Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research found that 16 weeks of back workouts was enough to alleviate discomfort felt by 30 men who had suffered from chronic back pain for around two years.

Another more recent study published in the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation reported that deadlifts can be used to decrease pain and increase the quality of life for people living with low-back pain.

The benefits of training your back speak for themselves, and that’s why we’ve put together this guide to the best back exercises and back workouts for men. The 20 lifts included are moves that no back workout is complete without. Plus, our list of the best back workouts for men includes everything you’ll need for a well-rounded back-building programme.

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The Benefits of Training Your Back

There are myriad reasons to train your traps, lats and beyond. We’ll let Ben West and Jordane Zammit Tabona, co-founders of London gym 360Athletic, talk you through them.

Back Exercises Aid Your Posture

If you spent most of your week – and, at that, your life – slumped over a desk and slapping a keyboard, your posture is likely to have taken a bit of a beating over the weeks, months and years you’ve been at work. According to Zammit Tabona, this can cause ’rounding of the shoulders and upper back,’ and back workouts, handily, will help get rid of the desk-bound ‘hunch’.

Back Exercises Reduce Your Risk of Injury

For the average Joe, life generally looks like long periods of being sedentary – the commute, a desk job, nights on the sofa watching telly – frequently interspersed with high-intensity workouts that take you from zero to 100 and back again in a mere 45 minutes. And we wonder why we get injured. ‘Besides helping your posture, back workouts can help reduce pain and risk of injury, making you focus better and work more efficiently,’ West adds.

Back Exercises Boost Your Bigger Lifts

Back workouts will also encourage weaker muscles to grow, helping boost strength in other lifts you may not expect. A stronger bench press, anyone? Likewise, your shoulder joints will be more stable and considerably stronger. ‘Your back muscles and spine support your body, without them it would be very weak,’ says Zammit Tabona. ‘Having a strong back will therefore help support your body and have you functioning better and more efficiently.’ Sounds like a win-win-win to us.

Back Exercises Help Develop Your V-Shape Physique

Alongside a more pronounced chest and bigger arms, the want for a V-shape physique is one of the most regular occurrences in the Men’s Health inbox. Thankfully, spending more time on your rear will help you earn that coveted v-shape upper-body. ‘Having a balanced, well-rounded physique is what most of us aspire to have aesthetically, and training your back frequently will certainly help with this,’ says West.

Back Exercises Reduce Lower-Back Pain

By strengthening your spine, shoulders and core, the back exercises below will improve strength and begin to erase the strain of lower-back pain, which encroaches on the lives of thousands of men every day. Partnered with effective stretching routines and dynamic movements, these moves could help to make lower-back pain a thing of the past.

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How to Loosen Tight Backs

Considering four in five adults will experience back pain at some point in their lives, it’s understandable why so many of us want to strengthen it. But reducing the impact of back pain doesn’t just come in the form of muscle-building exercises. Simple stretches are able to reduce tension, tightness and discomfort as well as build conditioning and tissue elasticity.

Here’s three exercises to help target the muscles affecting the back you can use alongside our list of back workouts for men and best back moves:

glute bridge best exercise

1/ Glute Bridge

Why: The role of the glutes is to stabilise the pelvis and the hip. By strengthening them, they will provide adequate support to the torso and take some of the brunt of the effort during your lifts.

How: Lie flat on the floor with your legs bent. Drive through your heels to push your hips upwards as far as you can go. Ensure your hips and shoulders form a straight line. Squeeze your glutes and keep your abs drawn in. This will prevent you from overextending your back. Pause and return to the start.

2/ Knees to Chest

Why: A great exercise to stretch the lower back, increase flexibility and stabilise the pelvis.

How: Lie on your back with both legs extended. Draw both knees to your chest with your fingers interlaced around your shins. Hold this position for 30 seconds, and then release. Repeat this stretch 5 times on both legs.

january workout

    3/ Child’s Pose

    Why: An effective exercise that puts minimal strain on your back while also lengthening and stretching the muscles around the spine.

    How: From a kneeling position, sit back on your heels with your knees together or slightly apart. Hinge at the hips to fold forward, extending your arms in front of you. Allow your body to feel heavy as you begin to completely relax. Breathe deeply into the stretch.

      strong hispanic man rear view, lifting weights shirtless

      jose carlos cerdeno martinez//Getty Images

      20 of the Best Back Moves for Building Muscle

      • Kettlebell Swings
      • Barbell Deadlift
      • Barbell Bent-over Row
      • Pull-up
      • Dumbbell Single-arm Row
      • Chest-supported Dumbbell Row
      • Inverted Row
      • Lat Pulldown
      • Single-arm T-bar Rows
      • Farmer’s Walk
      • Renegade Row
      • Superman
      • TRX Low Row
      • Med Ball Wood Chop
      • Good Mornings
      • Landmine T-bar Row
      • Pendlay Row
      • Chainsaw Row
      • Scapula Shrugs
      • Seated Row

      weights, exercise equipment, kettlebell, standing, shoulder, sports equipment, arm, physical fitness, joint, fitness professional,

      Why: KB swings aren’t just for CrossFit fans. Far from it. Working your back’s posterior chain, kettlebell swings are also devilishly effective for building a stronger core, which will help take weight away from your lower back. Start with a lighter weight, get used to form and progress slowly.

      How: Place a kettlebell one foot in front of you. Stand with your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and bend your knees to hinge at the hips forward and grab the handle with both hands. With your back flat, engage your lats to pull the weight between your legs (be careful with how deep you swing) then drive your hips forward and explosively pull the kettlebell up to shoulder height with your arms straight in front of you. Return to the start position and repeat without pauses.

      How to do the deadliftpinterest

      Why: The true king of compound movements, the barbell deadlift is a full-body move — building stronger legs, back, shoulders and arms. Its place in your next back workout is well deserved — as you work through the full range of motion, your upper-back muscles (rhomboids, traps, rear delts and lats) are firing away helping to keep your torso straight, while preventing your back from rounding and causing injury.

      How: Squat down and grasp a barbell with your hands roughly shoulder-width apart. Keep your chest up, pull your shoulders back and look straight ahead as you lift the bar. Focus on taking the weight back onto your heels and keep the bar as close as possible to your body at all times. Lift to thigh level, pause, then return under control to the start position.

      physical fitness, barbell, weightlifting, deadlift, weight training, arm, exercise equipment, strength athletics, exercise, muscle,

      Why: As you’re working with a barbell, you should be able to shift more weight during a barbell bent-over row. Helping your recruit more muscle — and, obviously, elicit further muscle growth — you’ll work your middle and lower traps, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, upper traps, rear deltoids, and rotator cuff muscles. Keep your shoulder blades back to avoid slouching, which puts undue stress on your lower back.

      How: Grab a barbell with an overhand grip, hands slightly wider than shoulder width apart. With your legs slightly bent, keep your back perfectly straight and bend your upper body forward until it’s almost perpendicular to the floor. From here row the weight upwards into the lower part of your chest. Pause. And return under control to the start position.

      exercise equipment, weightlifting machine, exercise machine, gym, leg, shoulder, arm, room, bench, joint,pinterest

      Why: If you want a V-shape physique — you do, that’s why you’re here — then there’s no avoiding pull-ups. Targeting your lats directly, you’ll gain a wider frame and will appear slimmer. Plus, you’ll get major gym kudos once your chin goes above that bar.

      How: Grab the handles of the pull-up station with your palms facing away from you and your arms fully extended. Your hands should be around shoulder-width apart. Squeeze your shoulder blades together, exhale and drive your elbows towards your hips to bring your chin above the bar. Lower under control back to the start position.

      weights, exercise equipment, arm, leg, abdomen, dumbbell, muscle, shoulder, bench, chest,pinterest

      Why: Another great move for your lats, the dumbbell single arm row works both sides of your body and helps you focus (and fix) weaker spots by smashing through strength imbalances on either side. A handy tip: don’t let your shoulder drop at the bottom of the movement. Lock your torso to ensure your back lifts the weight, not your arm.

      How: Head to a flat bench and place your right hand against it under your shoulder, keeping your arm straight. Rest your right knee on the bench and step your other leg out to the side. With your free hand grab a dumbbell off the floor and row it up to your side until your upper arm is parallel with the floor. Lower slowly back to the floor and repeat.

      Weights, Exercise equipment, Arm, Leg, Muscle, Dumbbell, Thigh, Human leg, Chest, Abdomen, pinterest

      6. Chest-Supported Dumbbell Row

      Why: An ideal move for those struggling to keep the chest strong and spine straight during other back-building bent-over moves, the chest-supported dumbbell row isolates your back muscles — helping move the dumbbells considerably more efficiently and safely.

      How: Lie face down on the bench with your feet other side to keep you stable. Hang the dumbbells beneath you using a neutral grip. Keep your head up and bring your shoulder blades together as you row the weights towards your chest. Lower to the starting position under control.

      exercise equipment, leg, physical fitness, barbell, bench,pinterest

      7. Inverted Row

      Why: Suitable for those struggling with pull-ups and chin-ups, the inverted row is surprisingly difficult. Smoking your back and your arms, you can progress or regress the move by re-arranging where your feet.

      How: Set up a bar in a rack at waist height. Grab it with a wider than shoulder-width overhand grip and hang underneath. Position yourself with heels out in front of you and arms fully extended. Your body should be straight from shoulders to ankles. Flex at the elbows to pull your chest up to the bar. Lower yourself back to the start position under control.

      Shoulder, Weightlifting machine, Exercise equipment, Arm, Leg, Joint, Standing, Room, Physical fitness, Gym, pinterest

      8. Lat Pulldowns

      Why: Just like pull-ups, lat pull-downs — a firm bodybuilding favourite — will build your lats, while working at a slow tempo will maximise your muscle gain. Keep form strict and reap the rewards. A tip: always bring the bar in front of your head. The behind-the-neck version can damage your rotator cuff.

      How: Kneel in front of the cable machine and face away. Grab the bar with your palms facing away from you, shoulder-width apart. Lean back slightly and push your chest out. Pull the bar down to your chest, then return slowly to the start position. Your torso should remain still throughout.

      barbell, exercise equipment, weights, free weight bar, deadlift, arm, human leg, standing, shoulder, physical fitness,pinterest

      9. Single-Arm T-Bar Rows

      Why: You’ve probably seen the standard T-bar row being performed (often incorrectly) at the gym, but the single-arm T-bar row ensures that, as you’re using a lighter load, form is stricter and muscle imbalances are being ironed out.

      How: Add weight to one end of a barbell. Bend forward until your torso is almost parallel to the floor and keep your knees slightly bent. Grab the bar with one arm just behind the plates. Pull the bar straight up with your elbow in until the plates touch your chest and squeeze your back muscles at the top of the move. Slowly lower to the starting position and repeat without letting the plates touch the floor.

      exercises to build calf musclespinterest

      Why: Building a stronger back, bigger shoulders and insane grip strength, there’s very little the humbling farmers’ walk can’t do. Moreover, it blitzes belly fat and builds muscle far quicker than most functional moves.

      How: Hold two kettlebells or dumbbells by your side. Keep your arms strong and walk short, quick steps as fast as possible. Turn around and walk back.

      weights, exercise equipment, press up, arm, dumbbell, kettlebell, physical fitness, chest, human leg, leg,

      Why: A great way to target those traps and lats, with a little bit of bicep building thrown in for good measure.

      How: Get into a press-up position with your hands on the handles of two dumbbells. Keeping your core tensed, row the right dumbbell up to your abs then return to the start position. Repeat with the left dumbbell to complete one rep.

      arm, leg, joint, elbow, muscle, knee, abdomen, human body, trunk, exercise,

      12. Superman

      Why: There aren’t too many back exercises that don’t require kit, but the Superman is definitely one of them. Done correctly, this will work your mid-back muscles, as well as your rotator cuff muscles.

      How: Lie facedown on a mat with your arms extended in front of you and your legs extended behind you. Engaging your glutes and lower back, raise your arms, legs, and chest off the floor. Hold for a count, then slowly return to the starting position.

      joint, arm, shoulder, leg, sports, sports equipment, recreation, individual sports, physical fitness, exercise equipment,

      13. TRX Low Row

      Why: You’ll be getting a lot of bang for your buck with this exercise. Rowing will help strengthen your spinal erectors and shoulder stabilisers, while the instability will help you hit your deep abdominal muscles.

      How: Lie under the TRX and grab hold of the handles. Raise your body, drawing your shoulders back to focus the work on your lats for that V-shape.

      This is an image

      14. Med Ball Wood Chop

      Why: This is good for your back, but it’s also good for your abs and shoulders, which is why we like it so much.

      How: Stand with your feet wider than shoulder width apart, knees slightly bent. Hold the medicine ball in both hands and keep your arms straight. Rotating at your waist, explosively lift the ball up above your shoulder to the left. Control it at the top and bring the ball back down to waist height on your right. Perform all your reps on one side, then swap.

      barbell good morning

      Why: This exercise is often avoided because it’s considered too dangerous, but if done correctly it’s one of the best ways to build hamstring and lower-back strength.

      How: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and brace your core. Hold the bar across your upper back with an overhand grip. Pull your shoulders back so that the bar’s resting comfortably on your upper back. Slowly bend at the hips to lower your torso towards the floor. Pause when you feel tension in your hamstrings, then reverse the movement.

      landmine t row

      Why: The landmine T-bar row is a fantastic way to add extra weight to your lifts without queuing for a machine. According to MH fitness editor Andrew Tracey, ‘The ’Landmine T-bar row is a remix of a gym staple that bodybuilders have used for decades to add slabs of lean muscle to their backs, targeting the mid-back and traps but also hitting those rear delts and lats.’

      How: Rest the unloaded end of your bar on a plate or wedge it into a corner to create a sturdy ‘anchor’. Load plates onto the opposite end of the bar. Use a set of gymnastics rings, straps, a rope or even just a towel, passing it under the barbell, behind the plates to create a set of handles. Straddle the bar and hinge at the hips until your torso is near parallel to the ground. Grip your handles, take a deep breath and brace your core. Draw your elbows up and back, keeping them close to your body, rowing the weight up as far as possible before the plates make contact with your torso. Squeeze your shoulder blades and pause at the top of each rep, before slowly lowering the weight back to the ground under control.

      weights, arm, barbell, leg, weightlifter, physical fitness, exercise equipment, human leg, chest, weight training,

      17. Pendlay Row

      Why: The Pendlay row is perhaps one of the more unknown variations of back exercises. In comparison to the bent-over barbell row, it is an explosive movement and should be completed with an emphasis on the upward portion of the rep to promote muscular power.

      How: Begin by sending your hips behind your heels with a flat back. Start with the barbell on the floor with the bar directly over the inline of your foot. Your torso will be parallel to the floor or a little lower depending on your limb length. Lock your core and shoulders away from your ears, grab the bar a little wider than your shoulders and explosively pull the bar up so that your elbows bend behind you. You don’t need to resist the weight on the way down, let gravity do its job to preserve energy for the next powerful rep.

      chainsaw row

      18. Chainsaw Row

      Why: Another move which focusses on pulling more weight in an explosive fashion. The chainsaw row is a single limb (unilateral) movement which allows you to focus on building more back power.

      How: Begin in a long lunge position with the kettlebell or dumbbell in the opposite hand to the leg that is forward. You can support your torso by leaning one hand on your knee. Grip the weight and lock your core. Drive the weight upwards so that it almost meets your waist, the torso can twist slightly but try not to open up the body entirely so that you can focus on the targeted back muscles. Reverse the rep so the weight travels back to the floor, ready to repeat.

      muscles used in pull ups

      19. Scapula Shrugs

      Why: Scapula shrugs are a brilliant exercise to not only get you ready to nail your first pull-up, but also build your trap muscles (the muscles at the top of your back). With only a pull-up bar necessary, these can be completed at home or gym for massive trap muscles and improved pull-up technique.

      How: Begin by gripping onto the pull-up bar, a little wider than shoulder width apart with an overhand grip. Either bend your knees so that your ankles cross behind you, or hold your entire body rigid and flex your feet. Let your shoulders shrug upwards to meet your ears so that you get a big stretch in your lats. Drive the shoulders down so that your scapula ‘slides’ down your back. Hold for a beat and slowly release the movement under control back to your starting position.

      seated cable row

      20. Seated Row

      Why: The seated row is a great exercise for all levels regardless of gym experience. It teaches participants to work the correct back muscles during rows without having to worry about holding the hip hinge position (like bent over row variations).

      How: Begin seated on a bench with the cable set at elbow height. Use the close grip attachment and plant the feet on the floor, core locked and chest proud. Pull your elbows close to your waist and squeeze the shoulders blades together while keeping them away from your ears – don’t shrug upwards. Hold for a beat and slowly release the rep under control back to your starting position.

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      Top 10 Heavy Back Workouts for Men

      1. This Back-Blasting Workout Builds Huge Lats with Just One Dumbbell
      2. The 400-rep Back-building Workout
      3. Eddie Hall Shares a Bodybuilding Back Workout Designed to Pack on Size
      4. Arnold Classic Winner Nick ‘The Mutant’ Walker Shares His Big Hitting Back Workout
      5. The Rock Just Shared His Secret to Building a Massive Back for Upcoming ‘Black Adam’ Role
      6. Alexander Skarsgård’s Trainer Shares His ‘Northman’ Back Workout
      7. Back and Shoulders Workout for Massive Wings and Bigger Delts
      8. This No-Fuss Workout Blasts Your Chest and Back, Without Going to the Gym
      9. Mark Peacock’s Back Workout
      10. Supersize Your Chest and Back Using the 250% Method

      How to Get Better at These 5 Back Exercises

      The exercises (above) will all help create shape and size across your back. However, there’s a few tweaks you can make to a couple of them that will make them even more effective. Andrew Tracey, our Fitness Editor, explains:

      How to maximise your pull-ups…

      This is a movement butchered in all four corners of fitness. From half reps to wild swinging motions to desperate, gurn-inducing jerks to force your chin over the bar, it’s rare to see a pull-up that actually looks like it might work the muscles in your back efficiently.

      Be better: Take your time and focus on moving from a full stretch to a big squeeze. Start from a full dead hang, arms fully outstretched, and pull your shoulder blades down as you begin the ascent, keeping your elbows flared – imagine trying to pull them down towards your hips. Keep the angle of your torso steady, avoid swinging your back and aim to get your chin as far above the bar as possible. Pause here for a count to absolutely nail the rep, focusing on squeezing your back hard in the top position before reversing, under control, back to a dead hang.

      How to maximise your bent-over rows…

      When performed correctly, it’s one of the quickest ways to target your lats, rear delts and mid back – the muscles that make you look thick as a brick from sideways on. Problems arise when your ego takes over loading the bar and what should be a long, smooth rowing motion becomes a short, quick drip to your mid-thigh followed by a wild, full-body effort to get the bar back to your hips.

      Be better: Begin the barbell on the floor, or set a few inches off the ground. Hinge down to pick it up and keep your torso as close to parallel to the ground as possible (throughout the entire rep). Keep your elbows tucked in and row up to your stomach with a smooth, controlled tempo. Squeeze hard and retract your shoulder blades at the top, finishing under control, before reversing for a three-second count, all the way back to the ground.

      preview for How to deadlift

      How to maximise your deadlifts…

      There’s a good reason you’ll see these performed on back days – they build some seriously 3D muscle. Your lats act in tandem with just about every muscle in your body to pull off a successful deadlift. You can pimp this move for seriously impressive back gains with just one simple trick.

      Be better: Attach a band to the middle of your barbell and anchor it to a rack or weight two to three foot in front of the bar. As you grip and rip, the band will attempt to pull the bar forward, forcing your lats to light up to keep the bar path steady, doubling down on the back attack.

      How to maximise your cable rows…

      With half reps, unsolicited assistance from the legs and perpetrators leaning back like they’re ready for a lay down, this is a move many get wrong.

      Be better: Just like the pull-up, you’ve got to go slow to grow. Grasp the handles and sit with straight legs, arms at full strength and a braced, upright torso. Ensure you maintain this strong upper-body position as you row your handles towards your stomach, keeping your elbows tucked in throughout. Squeeze hard and retract your shoulder blades, pausing briefly as the handles reach your body, ensuring you finish each rep under control, before reversing for a three seconds count, back to a straight armed position.

      How to maximise your single-arm dumbbell row…

      This is a movement that will allow you to shift some heavy tin – but when it comes to building a bigger, stronger back, it’s best to check your ego at the door. It’s all about maximum tension, not maximum weight.

      Be better: Brace yourself with one hand on a bench, keeping your torso flat. Pick up your dumbbell with the opposite hand and allow it to hang freely at full stretch. Lock your shoulder blades down and back, squeeze the dumbbell has hard as possible, then, keeping your elbow as close to your body as possible, row the weight up towards your hip, under control. Pause at the top to nail the rep and make sure you’re more ‘go’ than ‘show’, before lowering for a count of three, back to a fully stretched arm.

      mid adult sportsman doing chin ups with exercise equipment on white wall

      Westend61//Getty Images

      Best Bodyweight Exercises to Build a Bigger Back

      Think you need racks (and racks) of barbells, kettlebells and dumbbells to pack size? Respectfully, think again. Below, we’ve assembled seven of the most popular bodyweight back exercises to slot into your next workout..

      exercise equipment, shoulder, gym, free weight bar, strength training, physical fitness, arm, weightlifting machine, barbell, muscle,

      MH Tip: Drive your elbows back as you pull to engage your lats and help squeeze out an extra couple of reps. It’s an unbeatable back exercise.


      1. Grab the handles of the pull-up bar with your palms facing away from you and your arms fully extended.
      2. Your hands should be around shoulder-width apart.
      3. Squeeze your shoulder blades together, exhale and drive your elbows towards your hips to bring your chin above the bar. Lower under control back to the start position.
      arm, leg, human body, human leg, shoulder, elbow, joint, wrist, knee, muscle,


      1. Grab the pull-up bar with your palms facing towards you and a grip that is narrower than shoulder width.
      2. Pull yourself up until your head is above the bar.
      3. Slowly lower back to the start position.
      shoulder, exercise equipment, free weight bar, physical fitness, arm, strength training, gym, standing, joint, barbell,

      Assisted Pull-ups

      1. Grab the pull-up bar with your palms facing away from you and a shoulder-width grip. Rest both knees on the pad or resistance band and hang with your arms extended.
      2. As you breathe out, pull your torso up until your head is level with the pull-up bar.
      3. Slowly lower your torso back to the starting position.
      home back workouts, dumbbells, bodyweight

      MH Tip: Maintain tension through the rep – don’t collapse at the bottom – to feel the benefits in your abs as well as lower back.


      1. Lie face down with your arms extended out in front of you.
      2. Raise your arms, legs and chest a few inches off the floor and pause at the top of the rep.
      3. Squeeze your lower back and then lower to the starting position.
      ab exercises, ab workouts

      Active Hangs

      1. Grab a pull-up bar and lower yourself into a dead hang. Let your legs straighten and pull your pelvis back slightly.
      2. Tense your core and engage your shoulders and scapular muscles so they become ‘active’.
      3. Hold then lower slowly back to the starting position.
      physical fitness, shoulder, leg, arm, free weight bar, weightlifting machine, joint, exercise, exercise equipment, bench,

      Inverted Row

      1. Set up a bar in a rack at waist height. Grab it with a wider than shoulder-width overhand grip and hang underneath.
      2. Position yourself with heels out in front of you and arms fully extended. Your body should be straight from shoulders to ankles.
      3. Flex at the elbows to pull your chest up to the bar. Lower yourself back to the start position under control.
      human leg, elbow, knee, comfort, wrist, exercise, physical fitness, parallel, foot, balance,

      MH Tip: Try supersetting with lat pulldowns to hit all of your back musculature with two simple moves.

      Underhand Inverted Row

      1. Set up a bar in a rack at waist height. Grab it with a wider than shoulder-width overhand grip and hang underneath.
      2. Position yourself with heels out in front of you and arms fully extended. Your body should be straight from shoulders to ankles.
      3. Flex at the elbows to pull your chest up to the bar. Lower yourself back to the start position under control.

      5 Best Back Exercises to Build a V-Shape

      Use this routine, full of back exercises using both weights and bodyweight, to achieve the ideal torso quick-sharp

      Shoulder, Elbow, Joint, Wrist, Knee, Neck, Black hair, Waist, Artwork, Line art,

      The corkscrew

      Works All

      All back exercises should start with a stretching exercise, which will loosen every muscle in your back. When you spend a lot of time in the same position – cursing rush hour traffic from its very epicentre or staring into the depths of your computer screen until the early hours of the morning – your upper back muscles become prone to stiffening, leading to poor posture and back pain. This stiffness will hinder your workouts and leave you suffering afterwards. So it’s time to take your stretching seriously – let’s twist.

      Your move On all fours, place your right hand behind your head and brace your core. Rotate your right shoulder and elbow up and away from your left arm, until it points to the ceiling, hold it there for a moment. That’s 1 rep. Do 20. Then switch arms. All your pieces are ready – now comes the hard part.

      Get constantly evolving workout and nutrition plans personalised for your specific needs and training goals. Sign up to Men’s Health‘s Personal Trainer tool now!

      Shoulder, Elbow, Joint, Wrist, Knee, Chest, Animation, Line art, Illustration, Artwork,

      The big row

      Works Middle back, shoulders

      Stop lifting with your arms during your back exercis. Bring in your back and shoulders and you’ll notice it’s easier to lug things around next time you’re dragged to Ikea. Research in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery found working on your rotator cuffs at the top of your arms improves strength in other back muscles by 80%.

      Your move Holding dumbbells, bend at your knees and hips, and lower your torso until it’s parallel to the floor. Let the weights hang down. Then pull your shoulders back and hold for a second. Next, lift the weights to the sides of your torso by squeezing your shoulder blades towards your spine. Lower and repeat.

      Shoulder, Standing, Elbow, Wrist, Knee, Drumhead, Illustration, Membranophone, Physical fitness, Drawing,

      The rack pack

      Works Outer back, spinal supporters

      Most guys round their lower back when they lift, endangering the entire area. This exercise strengthens the erector spinae that support your spine, as well as flaring your lats. Research from the Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy found targeting lats reduces back pain.

      Your move Set a barbell at knee level in a squat rack and grab it with an overhand grip, hands wider than your legs. Then stand up, pushing your hips forward. Begin with no weight until it feels natural. When this back exercise becomes easy, lift the barbell from the floor. The jigsaw’s coming together; can you tell what it is yet?

      Sleeve, Shoulder, Standing, Joint, Elbow, Wrist, Line, Knee, Artwork, Line art,

      The statue

      Works Middle and lower back

      If you shrug your shoulders when
      you lift, your upper trapezius
      muscle in your neck is probably
      too big compared to its bottom,
      in the centre of your back. Clinical
      journal found
      imbalanced traps lead to frozen
      shoulder syndrome, which limits the
      rotation of your arms and puts an
      end to your Travolta impression.

      Your move Attach a handle
      to the lowest pulley on a cable
      station. With your left side to the
      pulley, grab the handle with your
      right hand. Pull the handle up
      and across your body until your
      hand is over your head. Return to
      the start. Complete all reps and
      repeat with your left arm.

      Sleeve, Shoulder, Standing, Joint, Elbow, Wrist, Line, Knee, Chest, Line art,

      The chin finish

      Works Shoulders, upper back

      The final pieces in the puzzle
      are the muscles around your
      shoulder blades, which are the
      foundation for every upper-body
      lift. Research from the University
      of Minnesota found they increase
      overall strength. They also give
      you the rounded shoulders (and
      forearm shots) of Rafael Nadal.

      Your move Hang from a pull-up
      bar with an overhand grip. Pull
      your chest up to the bar and hold
      for 10-20 seconds. Once you
      can do more than 5 reps, add
      resistance with a weighted vest
      or a dumbbell between your feet.
      This one hurts, but it’s the final
      piece in your back jigsaw. It’s going
      to be a beautiful picture.

      Illustration: Kagan McLeod

      How Can I Shape My Back Fast?

      If your goal is to add back muscle, make sure you integrate these key tips into your routine:

      • Progressive Overload: Progressive overload means that your reps, sets, weights and other variables change over time to increase workout volume and mechanical load on the muscles. Using the listed exercises, make sure your programme incrementally increases in difficulty, to enable muscle and strength gain.
      • Adequate Nutrition: To support your workouts, your nutrition must include enough calories and protein. If your goal is to gain muscle, a small calorie surplus can be included by eating a little more than you burn. If your goal is to reduce fat to improve muscle definition, a calorie deficit should be adhered to. Overall, make sure your nutrition is adjusted to your individual needs and goals.
      • Remain Patient and Be Consistent: The rate at which you can increase muscle mass will vary depending on many different factors. Remain consistent with the above variables and make sure that your programme is flexible enough to enable consistency over time, and you’ll see the results you want.